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Study on the microstructure of the symbiosis of coal-based graphene and coal-based graphene quantum dots: preparation and characterization

Coal-based graphene sheets (GS) and coal-based graphene quantum dots (GQDs) are usually prepared separately. In this paper, symbiosis of coal-based GS and coal-based GQDs was successfully prepared with our proposed preparation method by using three raw coals with different reflectance (collected from Qinshui coalfield, Shanxi Province) as carbon sources....

Utilization of coupled eigenmodes in Akiyama atomic force microscopy probes for bimodal multifrequency sensing

Akiyama atomic force microscopy probes represent a unique means of combining several of the desirable properties of tuning fork and cantilever probe designs. As a hybridized mechanical resonator, the vibrational characteristics of Akiyama probes result from a complex coupling between the intrinsic vibrational eigenmodes of its constituent tuning fork...

3D porous carbon conductive network with highly dispersed Fe–N x sites catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction

Intrinsic activity and reactive numbers are considered two important factors in oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) catalysts. Herein, we report the rational design and synthesis of a strongly coupled hybrid material comprising of FeZn nanoparticles (FeZn NPs) supported by a three-dimensional carbon conductive network (FeZn NPs@3D-CN) for increased ORR...

B, P-co-doped PdCu nanothorn assemblies for enhanced oxygen reduction electrolysis

Nonmetal doping is a promising strategy to improve electrocatalytic performance of noble metal based catalysts for oxygen reduction reaction (ORR). Herein, we report a facile method to fabricate PdCuBP nanothorn assemblies (PdCuBP NTAs) by co-doping B and P into pre-synthesized PdCu NTAs using NaBH4 and NaH2PO2 as B source and P source, respectively....

Fabrication and application of Fe2O3-decorated carbon nanotube fibers via instantaneous Joule-heating method

Fe2O3-decorated carbon nanotube fibers (Fe2O3/CNT fibers) exhibit synergistic properties and can be used in flexible electrochemical devices. One of the greatest challenges is to synthesize homogeneous Fe2O3 on CNT fibers. In this paper, we have anchored Fe2O3 nanocrystals compactly and uniformly in CNT fibers via the instantaneous Joule-heating method....

Theoretical study of extremely narrow plasmonic surface lattice resonances observed by MIM nanogratings under normal incidence in asymmetric environments

Nanoarray structures can support plasmonic surface lattice resonances (SLRs) with extremely narrow linewidths and huge electric field enhancement features, which are attractive applications in nanolasers, biochemical sensors, and nonlinear optics. However, current nanoarray structures located in an asymmetric dielectric environment with a refractive...

Heavy Mn-doped CsPbBr3 nanocrystals synthesized by high energy ball milling with high stability

CsPbX3 (X = Cl, Br, I) semiconductor nanocrystals (NCs) have excellent optical and photoelectric properties, and are potential core materials for various photoelectric devices. However, the toxicity of Pb and instability have been the key limitations to application of NCs. Herein, using MnBr2 and MnBr2·4H2O as manganese sources, heavy Mn-doped CsPbBr3...

Boosting photovoltaic performance for Sb2S3 solar cells by ionic liquid-assisted hydrothermal synthesis

Bulk and surface trap-states in the Sb2S3 films are considered one of the crucial energy loss mechanisms for achieving high photovoltaic performance in planar Sb2S3 solar cells. Because ionic liquid additives offer interesting physicochemical properties to control the synthesis of inorganic material, in this work we propose the addition of 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium...

Rational design of selenium inserted 1T/2H mixed-phase molybdenum disulfide for energy storage and pollutant degradation applications

MoS2 based materials are recognized as the promising candidate for multifunctional applications due to its unique physicochemical properties. But presence of lower number of active sites, poor electrical conductivity, and less stability of 2H and 1T MoS2 inherits its practical applications. Herein, we synthesized the Se inserted mixed-phase 2H/1T MoS2...

Excitation-independent deep-blue emitting carbon dots with 62% emission quantum efficiency and monoexponential decay profile for high-resolution fingerprint identification

Reaching emissive nanomaterials at short wavelengths with a high quantum efficiency (QE) is an attractive task for researchers. This is more demanding in carbon dots (CDs) with diverse applications that usually emit photons at wavelengths around 450–620 nm. In this study, deep blue-emissive doped-CDs (d-CDs) with high photoluminescence (PL) QE up to...

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