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Length-dependent carbon nanotube film structures and mechanical properties

We investigated the microstructures of carbon nanotube (CNT) films and the effect of CNT length on their mechanical performance. 230 μm-, 300 μm-, and 360 μm- long CNTs were grown and used to fabricate CNT films by a winding process. Opposite from the length effect on CNT fibers, it has been found that the mechanical properties of the CNT...

Solution process manufacture of a simple, multifunctional flexible sensor based on capacitance measurement

Conventional sensors are rigid, involve complex processes and structures, and one sensor can detect only one type of stimulus. The manufacturing costs of such devices are high owing to the use of vacuum processes for the formation of thin films and electrodes and the complicated fabrication processes required to construct multiple layers....

Scalable nanophotonic neural probes for multicolor and on-demand light delivery in brain tissue

Neural probes are in vivo brain-invasive devices that record and manipulate neural circuits using electricity, light, or drugs. The capability to shine distinct wavelengths and control their respective output locations for activation or deactivation of specific groups of neurons is desirable but remains unachieved. Here, we discuss our probe’s...

Photolithographically-patterned C-MEMS graphene by carbon diffusion through nickel

In recent years the most studied carbon allotrope has been graphene, due to the outstanding properties that this two-dimensional material exhibits; however, it turns out to be a difficult material to produce, pattern, and transfer to a device substrate without contamination. Carbon microelectromechanical systems are a versatile technology...

Tuning electrical and interfacial thermal properties of bilayer MoS 2 via electrochemical intercalation

Layered two-dimensional (2D) materials such as MoS 2 have attracted much attention for nano- and opto-electronics. Recently, intercalation (e.g. of ions, atoms, or molecules) has emerged as an effective technique to modulate material properties of such layered 2D films reversibly. We probe both the electrical and thermal properties of Li-intercalated...

Improving the yield of GaAs nanowires on silicon by Ga pre-deposition

GaAs nanowire (NW) arrays were grown by molecular beam epitaxy using the self-assisted vapor−liquid−solid method with Ga droplets as seed particles. A Ga pre-deposition step is examined to control NW yield and diameter. The NW yield can be increased with suitable duration of a Ga pre-deposition step but is highly dependent on oxide hole...

Two-dimensional talc as a van der Waals material for solid lubrication at the nanoscale

Talc is a van der Waals and naturally abundant mineral with the chemical formula Mg 3 Si 4 O 10 (OH) 2 . Two-dimensional (2D) talc could be an alternative to hBN as van der Waals dielectric in 2D heterostructures. Furthermore, due to its good mechanical and frictional properties, 2D talc could be integrated into various hybrid microelectromechanical...

Deep learning-enabled prediction of 2D material breakdown

Characterizing electrical breakdown limits of materials is a crucial step in device development. However, methods for repeatable measurements are scarce in two-dimensional materials, where breakdown studies have been limited to destructive methods. This restricts our ability to fully account for variability in local electronic properties...

Probing hole spin transport of disorder quantum dots via Pauli spin-blockade in standard silicon transistors

Single hole transport and spin detection is achievable in standard p-type silicon transistors owing to the strong orbital quantization of disorder based quantum dots. Through the use of the well acting as a pseudo-gate, we discover the formation of a double-quantum dot system exhibiting Pauli spin-blockade and investigate the magnetic field...

Kupffer cell-targeting strategy for the protection of hepatic ischemia/reperfusion injury

The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of rare earth upconversion nanoparticles (UCNs) on hepatic ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) and explore its possible mechanism. Hepatic IRI seriously affects the prognosis of patients undergoing liver surgery. Liver-resident Kupffer cells have been reported to promote IRI. Nanomedicines are...

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