Latest Results for Wetlands

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Ecological Associations of Littoraria irrorata with Spartina cynosuroides and Spartina alterniflora

Abstract It is well-documented that marsh periwinkles (Littoraria irrorata) consume and inhabit smooth cordgrass (Spartina alterniflora), but their interactions with big cordgrass (Spartina cynosuroides) remain unknown. Plant communities in mesohaline marshes will change as sea-level rise shifts species from salt-intolerant (e.g.,...

A Network Perspective to Evaluate Hydrological Connectivity Effects on Macroinvertebrate Assemblages

Abstract The abundant estuarine wetlands supported by the complex river network in the Pearl River Delta are under intense anthropogenic influence, which threatens the local ecosystem. This paper examines the benthic macroinvertebrate diversity and abundance within the Pearl River Estuary through a field study. Fieldwork, based on...

Tree Encroachment Varies by Plant Community in a Large Boreal Peatland Complex in the Boreal-Temperate Ecotone of Northeastern USA

Abstract Large peatland complexes at the boreal-temperate ecotone are essential habitats for boreal species at their southern range limits where they are threatened by tree encroachment accelerated by climate change and nitrogen deposition. To inform vascular plant and biodiversity conservation, we studied tree encroachment patterns...

Influence of Anthropic Impacts on the Functional Structure of Aquatic Invertebrates in Subtropical Wetlands

Abstract Changes in land cover are the main threats to integrity and biodiversity of wetlands. Here, we evaluated the effects of agriculture and urbanization on the functional traits (FT) of aquatic invertebrate. We evaluated 30 wetlands distributed among agricultural, urban and natural landscapes on the south of Brazil. We selected...

Structural Impacts, Carbon Losses, and Regeneration in Mangrove Wetlands after Two Hurricanes on St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands

Abstract Hurricanes Irma and Maria ravaged the mangroves of St. John, U.S. Virgin Islands, in 2017. Basal area losses were large (63–100%) and storm losses of carbon associated with aboveground biomass amounted to 11.9–43.5 Mg C/ha. Carbon biomass of dead standing trees increased 8.1–18.3 Mg C/ha among sites, and carbon in coarse...

Hydrogeology and Landform Morphology Affect Plant Communities in a Great Lakes Ridge-and-Swale Wetland Complex

Abstract Trajectories of vegetative change in wetlands can be influenced strongly by shifts in water-table elevation driven by evapotranspiration and spatial-temporal variability in groundwater. The specific dynamics of such interactions are difficult to quantify because of spatial complexities associated with local climate, geomorphology,...

Spatio-Temporal Dynamics of a Semi-Aquatic Reptile Community in Caspian Reed Bed Ecosystems

Abstract Reed bed ecosystems are crucial for the survival of complex animal communities in Europe and Western Asia, but have been subjected to considerable decline, especially in beds in eutrophic shallow lakes, throughout Europe during the last decades. In Western Asia, however, these ecosystems are still wide and ecologically intact,...

Study on Durability against Dry-Wet Cycles and Chloride Ion Erosion of Concrete Revetment Materials at the Water-Level-Fluctuations Zone in Yellow River Delta Wetlands

Abstract This study was aimed at exploring the durability of concrete revetment materials at the water-level-fluctuations zone of the Yellow River Delta Wetlands. The simultaneous effect of mineral admixtures (i.e., fly ash, slag, and silica fume) and polypropylene fiber on the resistance of concrete revetment materials to chloride...

Influences of Physical Vegetation Management on Odonata Abundance in Urbanized Ecosystem: a Case Study in Northern Taiwan

Abstract Physical vegetation management has shown deep and diverse impacts on fauna diversity and abundance. However, it is still unclear to what degree management influences Odonata (dragonfly and damselfly) in urbanized ecosystems. In order to understand the crucial factors among Odonata (adults and larvae) and physical vegetation...

A Tropical Cyclone-Induced Ecological Regime Shift: Mangrove Forest Conversion to Mudflat in Everglades National Park (Florida, USA)

Abstract The ecological effects of tropical cyclones on mangrove forests are diverse and highly location- and cyclone-dependent. Ecological resistance, resilience, and enhancement are terms that describe most mangrove forest responses to tropical cyclones. However, in the most extreme cases, tropical cyclones can trigger abrupt and...

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