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Latest Results for Brain Imaging and Behavior

The latest content available from Springer

Latest articles

Decreased modulation of segregated SEEKING and selective attention systems in chronic insomnia

Abstract Sleep-related attentional bias and instinctual craving-sleep status may be associated with value-driven selective attention network and SEEKING system. We hypothesized that the two networks might be important components and underlie etiology of inability to initiate or/and maintain sleep in patients with chronic insomnia...

Dynamic network connectivity predicts subjective cognitive decline: the Sino-Longitudinal Cognitive impairment and dementia study

Abstract Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) is the preclinical stage of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), the most common neurodegenerative disease in the elderly. We collected resting-state functional MRI data and applied novel graph-theoretical analyses to investigate the dynamic spatiotemporal cerebral connectivities in 63 individuals...

Enhanced cerebro-cerebellar functional connectivity reverses cognitive impairment following electroconvulsive therapy in major depressive disorder

Abstract Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), a rapidly acting and effective treatment for major depressive disorder (MDD), is frequently accompanied by cognitive impairment. Recent studies have documented that ECT reorganizes dysregulated inter/intra- connected cerebral networks, including the affective network, the cognitive control...

Cross-paradigm connectivity: reliability, stability, and utility

Abstract While functional neuroimaging studies typically focus on a particular paradigm to investigate network connectivity, the human brain appears to possess an intrinsic “trait” architecture that is independent of any given paradigm. We have previously proposed the use of “cross-paradigm connectivity (CPC)” to quantify shared connectivity...

The dissociative subtype of posttraumatic stress disorder is associated with subcortical white matter network alterations

Abstract Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by intrusions, avoidance, and hyperarousal while patients of the dissociative subtype (PTSD-D) experience additional dissociative symptoms. A neurobiological model proposes hyper-inhibition of limbic structures mediated by prefrontal cortices to underlie dissociation in...

Cortical thinning and altered functional brain coherence in survivors of childhood sarcoma

Abstract High-dose chemotherapy is increasingly evidenced to be neurotoxic and result in long-term neurocognitive sequelae. However, research investigating grey matter alterations in childhood cancer patients remains limited. As childhood sarcoma patients receive high-dose chemotherapy, we aimed to investigate cortical brain alterations...

Structural and functional changes in the brain of patients with Crohn’s disease: an activation likelihood estimation meta-analysis

Abstract Multiple reports for brain functional and structural alterations in patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) were published. The current study aimed to meta-analyze the existing neuroimaging data and hence produce a brain map revealing areas with functional and structural differences between patients with CD and healthy controls....

Reduced fine motor competence in children with ADHD is associated with atypical microstructural organization within the superior longitudinal fasciculus

Abstract Recent work in healthy adults suggests that white matter organization within the superior longitudinal fasciculus (SLF) may, at least partly, explain individual differences in fine motor skills. The SLF is also often implicated in the neurobiology underlying attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) as part of the attention...

Brain bases of recovery following cognitive rehabilitation for traumatic brain injury: a preliminary study

Abstract Many patients with traumatic brain injury (TBI) have persistent cognitive deficits, including decreased attention and working memory. This preliminary study examined fMRI data from a clinical trial implementing a 4-week virtual reality driving intervention to assess how sustained training can improve deficits related to traumatic...

Abnormal large-scale resting-state functional networks in drug-free major depressive disorder

Abstract Major depressive disorder (MDD) is associated with aberrant function and interaction encompassing large parts of cortical, subcortical and limbic regions that always organized into integrative networks implicated in specific tasks. And cumulative evidence suggests that MDD can be understood as a disorder of dysregulated network....

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