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Fast acquisition abdominal MRI study for the investigation of suspected acute appendicitis in paediatric patients

Abstract Objectives To assess the diagnostic accuracy of fast acquisition MRI in suspected cases of paediatric appendicitis presenting to a tertiary referral hospital. Materials and methods A prospective...

Imaging diagnosis of metastatic breast cancer

Abstract Numerous imaging modalities may be used for the staging of women with advanced breast cancer. Although bone scintigraphy and multiplanar-CT are the most frequently used tests, others including PET, MRI and hybrid scans are also utilised, with no specific recommendations of which test should be preferentially used. We review...

Convolutional neural networks for brain tumour segmentation

Abstract The introduction of quantitative image analysis has given rise to fields such as radiomics which have been used to predict clinical sequelae. One growing area of interest for analysis is brain tumours, in particular glioblastoma multiforme (GBM). Tumour segmentation is an important step in the pipeline in the analysis of...

ESR Statement on the Validation of Imaging Biomarkers

Abstract Medical imaging capable of generating imaging biomarkers, specifically radiology and nuclear medicine image acquisition and analysis processes, differs from frequently used comparators like blood or urine biomarkers. This difference arises from the sample acquisition methodology. While different analysis methodologies and...

Magnetic resonance imaging of the female pelvis after Cesarean section: a pictorial review

Abstract The rate of Cesarean sections (C-sections) in Poland increased from 21.7% in 2001 to 43.85% in 2017 even though the Polish Society of Gynecologists and Obstetricians highlights the negative consequences of C-section for both mother and child and recommends to make every possible effort to reduce its percentage, following...

Testicular tumours in children: an approach to diagnosis and management with pathologic correlation

Abstract Testicular tumours are rare in children. Painless scrotal mass is the most frequent clinical presentation. Tumoural markers (alpha-fetoprotein, beta-human gonadotropin chorionic) and hormone levels (testosterone) contribute to the diagnosis and management of a testicular mass in boys. Ultrasonography is the best imaging...

Broken-crescent sign at CT indicates impending aortic rupture in patients with acute aortic intramural hematoma

Abstract Background This retrospective study evaluated the computed tomography (CT) features and clinical implications of a novel broken-crescent sign in patients with acute aortic intramural hematoma (IMH). Methods...

Neuroradiology training in EU: international survey of 31 countries within UEMS frame

Abstract Objective To assess the current framework of interventional and diagnostic neuroradiology in Europe Methods The UEMS (European Union of Medical Specialists) Section of Radiology and the...

Role of MRI as first-line modality in the detection of previously undiagnosed otosclerosis: a single tertiary institute experience

Abstract Background Otosclerosis causes conductive, sensorineural and mixed hearing loss (CHL, SNHL, MHL) and tinnitus in young adults. It is best diagnosed on high-resolution CT (HRCT). Occasionally, patients presenting with SNHL and/or tinnitus may undergo temporal bone MRI as the...

Evaluation of the bronchial arteries: normal findings, hypertrophy and embolization in patients with hemoptysis

Abstract The enlargement of the bronchial arteries occurs in a multitude of congenital and acquired diseases and is responsible for the majority of cases of hemoptysis. In this review, we provide a simplified imaging approach to the evaluation of the bronchial arteries. We highlight the anatomy and function of the bronchial arteries,...

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