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Latest Results for Cerebellum

The latest content available from Springer

Latest articles

Vestibular impact of Friedreich ataxia in early onset patients

Abstract Background Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) is the most frequent form of inherited ataxias. Vestibular and auditory assessments are not commonly part of the check up for these patients despite hearing and balance complaints. Screening of vestibular and auditory function was performed...

In memory of Jerry Simpson 1939–2020

Oculopalatal tremor following sequential medullary infarcts that did not cause hypertrophic olivary degeneration

Abstract Background The syndrome of oculopalatal tremor is a known consequence of lesions in the dentate-olivary pathway. Hypertrophic degeneration of the inferior olive is a recognized pathological correlate of these lesions and hypothesized to cause tremorogenic olivary hypersynchrony....

Abnormal cerebellar volume in somatic vs. non-somatic delusional disorders

Abstract Background There is abundant evidence for cerebellar involvement in schizophrenia, where the cerebellum has been suggested to contribute to cognitive, affective and motor dysfunction. More recently, specific cerebellar regions have also been associated with psychotic symptoms,...

Hypomagnesaemia induced recurrent cerebellar ataxia: an interesting case with successful management

Abstract Purpose Severe Hypomagnesaemia is a rare biochemical findings utilized for identifying the etiology of cerebellar ataxia. It requires a high degree of suspicion to diagnose. MRI findings are often nonspecific. ...

One-year outcome of coenzyme Q10 supplementation in ADCK3 ataxia (ARCA2)

Abstract Background The recessive ataxia ARCA2 is a rare disorder characterized by Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) deficiency due to biallelic mutations in ADCK3 gene. Despite the pathophysiological role, available data are not univocal on clinical efficacy of CoQ10 supplementation in ARCA2. Here...

Spinocerebellar Ataxia type 29 in a family of Māori descent

Abstract Background Mutations in the Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptor Type 1 (ITPR1) gene cause spinocerebellar ataxia type 29 (SCA29), a rare congenital-onset autosomal dominant non-progressive cerebellar ataxia. The Māori, indigenous to New Zealand, are an understudied population...

Comparison of cognitive profiles in spinocerebellar ataxia subtypes: a case series

Abstract Background The spinocerebellar ataxias (SCA) are a heterogeneous group of progressive neurodegenerative disorders that are associated with diffuse cerebellar atrophy. While the physical symptoms of this condition have long been studied, more attention has been given to cognitive...

Nonmotor symptoms in spinocerebellar ataxias (SCAs)

Abstract Nonmotor symptoms (NMS) have been increasingly recognized in a number of neurodegenerative diseases with a burden of disability that parallels or even surpasses that induced by motor symptoms. As NMS have often been poorly recognized and inadequately treated, much of the most recent developments in the investigation of...

Modafinil in the rehabilitation of a patient with post-surgical posterior fossa syndrome: a lesson to be learned?

Abstract Disorders of the cerebellum may present with motor, cognitive, behavioral and affective symptoms. There is a growing interest in developing neuroanatomical models of symptoms generation that involve the cerebellum and the cerebello-cortical connections. We describe an exciting first case report of successful...

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