Latest Results for European Journal of Applied Physiology

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Hold your breath: peripheral and cerebral oxygenation during dry static apnea

Abstract Purpose Acute breath-holding deprives the human body from oxygen. In an effort to protect the brain, the diving response is initiated, coupling several physiological responses. The aim of this study was to describe the physiological responses to apnea at the cardiac, peripheral...

Exercise training improves vascular function in patients with Alzheimer’s disease

Abstract Purpose Vascular dysfunction has been demonstrated in patients with Alzheimer’s disease (AD). Exercise is known to positively affect vascular function. Thus, the aim of our study was to investigate exercise-induced effects on vascular function in AD. ...

Immediate effects of neurodynamic nerve gliding versus static stretching on hamstring neuromechanical properties

Abstract Purpose We investigated the immediate effects of neurodynamic nerve gliding (ND) on hamstring flexibility, viscoelasticity, and mechanosensitivity, compared with traditional static stretching (ST). Methods ...

Importance of dimensional changes on glycolytic metabolism during growth

Abstract Purpose The aim of the present study was to investigate (i) how glycolytic metabolism assessed by accumulated oxygen deficit (AODgly) and blood metabolic responses (lactate and pH) resulting from high-intensity exercise change during growth, and (ii) how lean body mass (LBM) influences...

Impact of acute mental stress on segmental arterial stiffness

Abstract Purpose It has been reported that acute brief episodes of mental stress (MS) result in a prolonged increase in carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), an index of aortic stiffness. However, whether acute MS also impacts arterial stiffness in other segments is unclear. The...

Room for improvement: metrological properties of passive muscle–tendon stiffness measures in children with cerebral palsy

Are five 60-min sessions of isothermic heat acclimation sufficient to elicit beneficial physiological adaptations?

Relationships between resting blood flow and the indices of muscle damage after eccentric contractions

Abstract Purpose The aim of the study is to examine the relationships between increments in resting blood flow and isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) force reduction, muscle soreness, and swelling after eccentric contractions (ECs). ...

Sex differences in neuromuscular control of quadriceps

Abstract Purpose Patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS) is twice as prevalent in females as males, yet a few studies have evaluated differences in quadriceps muscle control between sexes or across force levels. This study investigated sex differences in quadriceps EMG onset times and amplitude...

The validity and reproducibility of perceptually regulated exercise responses during combined arm + leg cycling

Abstract Purpose Rating of perceived exertion (RPE) is a reliable method of assessing exercise intensity during isolated arm and leg cycling. The aim of this study was to assess the validity and reproducibility of perceptually regulated exercise responses during combined arm + leg cycling....

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