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Evaluation of automatic VMAT plans in locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma

Abstract Objective This study aimed to evaluate the quality of locally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) radiotherapy plans generated by the automated planning module of a commercial treatment planning system (TPS). Methods...

Effect of hypofractionation on the incidental axilla dose during tangential field radiotherapy in breast cancer

Abstract Objective Tangential field irradiation in breast cancer potentially treats residual tumor cells in the axilla after sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). In recent years, hypofractionated radiotherapy has gained importance and currently represents the recommended standard in adjuvant...

Effectiveness of rectal displacement devices in managing prostate motion: a systematic review

Abstract Purpose To determine whether rectal displacement devices (RDDs) have a prostate-stabilizing effect during prostate external beam radiotherapy (EBRT). Methods A systematic literature search using the...

Impact of 18 F-FDG-PET/CT on the identification of regional lymph node metastases and delineation of the primary tumor in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma patients

Abstract Purpose In patients undergoing chemoradiation for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), the extent of elective nodal irradiation (ENI) is still discussed controversially. This study aimed to analyze patterns of lymph node metastases and their correlation with the primary tumor...

The brave new world of endometrial cancer

Abstract Purpose For many decades, endometrial cancer (EC) has been considered as a homogenous tumor entity with good prognosis. The currently valid risk stratification considers clinical and pathological factors. Treatment recommendations differ considerably from country to country. ...

Efficacy of repeated PSMA PET-directed radiotherapy for oligorecurrent prostate cancer after initial curative therapy

Abstract Purpose To assess the outcome of prostate cancer (PCa) patients diagnosed with oligorecurrent disease and treated with a first and a second PSMA (prostate-specific membrane antigen ligand) PET(positron-emission tomography)-directed radiotherapy (RT). ...

Disease course of lung oligometastatic colorectal cancer treated with stereotactic body radiotherapy

Abstract Purpose Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) or stereotactic ablative radiotherapy (SABR) has been shown to increase survival rates in oligometastatic disease (OMD), but local control of colorectal metastases remains poor. We aimed to explore the natural course of oligometastatic...

Linac-based SBRT as a feasible salvage option for local recurrences in previously irradiated prostate cancer

Abstract Background and objective The optimal management of prostate cancer (PC) recurrences after definitive or postoperative radiotherapy (RT) is still controversial. The aim of the present retrospective study was to report the preliminary clinical results and toxicity of a mono-institutional...

Applications of radiomics and machine learning for radiotherapy of malignant brain tumors

Abstract Background Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and amino acid positron-emission tomography (PET) of the brain contain a vast amount of structural and functional information that can be analyzed by machine learning algorithms and radiomics for the use of radiotherapy in patients with...

Low-dose radiotherapy for SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia

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