Central Banking

Central Banking

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A Macro-Financial Perspective to Analyse Maturity Mismatch and Default

The Basel Committee proposed the Net Stable Funding Ratio (NSFR) to curb excessive maturity mismatch of the banking sector. However, it remains to be ascertained as to what are the financial and real effects of the NSFR on banks' credit quality, investment, and the pass-through of monetary policy. This paper develops a nominal dynamic general equilibrium...

The Trade-off Between Banking Risk and Profitability under Basel III Capital Regulation

This research examined the trade-off between risk and profitability under Basel III capital regulation (BCR) using a sample of 30 commercial banks in Lebanon. Because our approach in the study is qualitative, we used semi-structured interviews with chief risk officer (CRO) for our sample. In order to examine the impact of Basel III capital regulation...

Monetary Policy, Firm Heterogeneity, and Product Variety

This study provides new insights on the allocative effect of monetary policy. It shows that contractionary monetary policy exerts a non-trivial reallocation effect by cleansing unproductive firms and enhancing aggregate productivity. At the same time, however, reallocation involves a reduction in the number of product variety that is central to consumer...

How puzzling is the forward premium puzzle? A meta-analysis

A key theoretical prediction in financial economics is that under risk neutrality and rational expectations a currency's forward rates should form unbiased predictors of future spot rates. Yet scores of empirical studies report negative slope coefficients from regressions of spot rates on forward rates. We collect 3,643 estimates from 91 research articles...

Did the Federal Reserve Break the Phillips Curve? Theory and Evidence of Anchoring Inflation Expectations

In a macroeconomic model with drifting long-run inflation expectations, the anchoring of inflation expectations manifests in two testable predictions. First, expectations about inflation far in the future should no longer respond to news about current inflation. Second, better-anchored inflation expectations weaken the relationship between unemployment...

Finance, Growth and (Macro)Prudential Policy: European Evidence

This paper examines the interactions between financial development, economic growth and (macro)prudential policy on a sample of euro area countries. Our main takeaway is that active (macro)prudential policy supports the positive finance-growth nexus instead of disrupting it. These benefits are found to be more likely to materialize during tightening...

Implications of household-level evidence for policy models: the case of macro-financial linkages

Macroeconomic policy models should track the different channels of monetary transmission, providing a framework for Monetary Policy Committees. They should also be useful for assessing risks to financial stability, including for designing macroprudential stress tests and instrument settings in the new macroprudential toolkits. Current policy models,...

Banks, Money, and the Zero Lower Bound on Deposit Rates

We develop a New Keynesian model where all payments between agents require bank deposits through deposits-in-advance constraints, bank deposits are created through disbursement of bank loans, and banks face a convex lending cost. At the zero lower bound on deposit rates (ZLBD), changes in policy rates affect activity through both real interest rates...

The Advantages of an Independent Currency for Mitigating the Economic Impact of External Shocks Using the Example of the Coronavirus Pandemic: A Comparison of the Czech Republic and Slovakia

The content of the paper defines and characterizes five key arguments for why, given the absence of an optimal monetary area, it is advantageous for an economy to be able to dispose of its own currency during periods of crisis, such as the current coronavirus pandemic. The article bases its arguments on the optimal currency area theory and the Mundell-Fleming...

Uncovered interest parity with foreign exchange interventions under exchange rate peg and inflation targeting: The case of Ukraine

In this study, I modify the uncovered interest parity condition to account for foreign exchange interventions in the context of a small open economy. This is done in a framework of a semistructural New Keynesian model. I examine the case of Ukraine, which de facto transitioned to inflation targeting with a managed float in 2015 after a long period of...

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