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Correction for Vogt et al., Intergenerational resource sharing and mortality in a global perspective [Correction]

SOCIAL SCIENCES Correction for “Intergenerational resource sharing and mortality in a global perspective,” by Tobias Vogt, Fanny Kluge, and Ronald Lee, which was first published August 31, 2020; 10.1073/pnas.1920978117 (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 117, 22793–22799). The editors note that Luis Rosero-Bixby’s affiliation appeared incorrectly as University...

Correction for Byers-Heinlein et al., Bilingual infants control their languages as they listen [Correction]

PSYCHOLOGICAL AND COGNITIVE SCIENCES Correction for “Bilingual infants control their languages as they listen,” by Krista Byers-Heinlein, Elizabeth Morin-Lessard, and Casey Lew-Williams, which was first published August 7, 2017; 10.1073/pnas.1703220114 (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 114, 9032–9037). The authors note that, due to a coding error, a portion...

Correction for Wang et al., Regenerative therapy based on miRNA-302 mimics for enhancing host recovery from pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae [Correction]

MICROBIOLOGY Correction for “Regenerative therapy based on miRNA-302 mimics for enhancing host recovery from pneumonia caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae,” by Yan Wang, Yong Li, Peggy Zhang, Sandy T. Baker, Marla R. Wolfson, Jeffrey N. Weiser, Ying Tian, and Hao Shen, which was first published April 10, 2019; 10.1073/pnas.1818522116 (Proc. Natl....

Posttranscriptional regulation of human endogenous retroviruses by RNA-binding motif protein 4, RBM4 [Systems Biology]

The human genome encodes for over 1,500 RNA-binding proteins (RBPs), which coordinate regulatory events on RNA transcripts. Most studies of RBPs have concentrated on their action on host protein-encoding mRNAs, which constitute a minority of the transcriptome. A widely neglected subset of our transcriptome derives from integrated retroviral elements,...

Evolved differences in energy metabolism and growth dictate the impacts of ocean acidification on abalone aquaculture [Sustainability Science]

Ocean acidification (OA) poses a major threat to marine ecosystems and shellfish aquaculture. A promising mitigation strategy is the identification and breeding of shellfish varieties exhibiting resilience to acidification stress. We experimentally compared the effects of OA on two populations of red abalone (Haliotis rufescens), a marine mollusc important...

Correction for Huang et al., Catalytic prior distributions with application to generalized linear models [Correction]

STATISTICS Correction for “Catalytic prior distributions with application to generalized linear models,” by Dongming Huang, Nathan Stein, Donald B. Rubin, and S. C. Kou, which was first published May 15, 2020; 10.1073/pnas.1920913117 (Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 117, 12004–12010). The authors note that an additional affiliation should be listed for...

An inhibitor of endothelial ETS transcription factors promotes physiologic and therapeutic vessel regression [Physiology]

During the progression of ocular diseases such as retinopathy of prematurity and diabetic retinopathy, overgrowth of retinal blood vessels results in the formation of pathological neovascular tufts that impair vision. Current therapeutic options for treating these diseases include antiangiogenic strategies that can lead to the undesirable inhibition...

Fecal transplantation and butyrate improve neuropathic pain, modify immune cell profile, and gene expression in the PNS of obese mice [Physiology]

Obesity affects over 2 billion people worldwide and is accompanied by peripheral neuropathy (PN) and an associated poorer quality of life. Despite high prevalence, the molecular mechanisms underlying the painful manifestations of PN are poorly understood, and therapies are restricted to use of painkillers or other drugs that do not...

Inactivation of rice starch branching enzyme IIb triggers broad and unexpected changes in metabolism by transcriptional reprogramming [Plant Biology]

Starch properties can be modified by mutating genes responsible for the synthesis of amylose and amylopectin in the endosperm. However, little is known about the effects of such targeted modifications on the overall starch biosynthesis pathway and broader metabolism. Here we investigated the effects of mutating the OsSBEIIb gene encoding...

Neddylation is critical to cortical development by regulating Wnt/{beta}-catenin signaling [Neuroscience]

Wnt signaling plays a critical role in production and differentiation of neurons and undergoes a progressive reduction during cortical development. However, how Wnt signaling is regulated is not well understood. Here we provide evidence for an indispensable role of neddylation, a ubiquitylation-like protein modification, in inhibiting Wnt/β-catenin...

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